Publications
Acoustic Publications

Our Published Papers

Wind Turbine Noise Amplitude Modulation Penalty Considerations

Bowdler et al

Institute of Acoustics Spring Conference 2018, Cardiff

There was much discussion among interested parties following the publication of a report for the UK Government which recommended a 'penalty scheme' for regulating AM but little information on how to use it. This paper, presented by Malcolm and others, discusses different factors which require additional consideration when considering a potential penalty to be used in combination with the IoA AM noise working group method for quantifying AM.

Posted 2018 Download

Site Experience with Wind Turbine Noise AM Analysis

Cand et al

Institute of Acoustics Spring Conference 2018, Cardiff

The IoA AM Noise Working Group method for quantifying amplitude modulation (AM) in wind turbine noise has allowed analysis of AM from wind turbines to be carried out at various sites over long periods of operations. Most of these sites are existing wind farms without AM planning controls and, therefore, although an agreed assessment method is available, the data can be presented in different ways. This paper presents analysis of data from different sites by Malcolm, Tom and others and the observations which resulted from this analysis.

Posted 2018 Download

A Planning Condition for Wind Turbines

McKenzie et al

UK Institute of Acoustics Bulletin Nov/Dec 2017

The UK Institute of Acoustics November/December 2017 Monthly Bulletin contains this article, contributed to by Andy McKenzie et al, presenting proposed wording for a planning condition on noise for wind farms, or individual wind turbines, which takes account of amplitude modulation within the noise charecter.

Posted 2017 Download

Application of the UK IOA Method for Rating Amplitude Modulation

Coles D, Levet T and Cand M

7th International Conference on Wind Turbine Noise, Rotterdam

The UK Institute of Acoustics Amplitude Modulation Working Group, of which Tom Levet was a member, developed a method for the quantification of amplitude modulation from wind turbines, to obtain a consistent and repeatable measure of modulation depth. This is now internationally acknowledged as best practice for the assessment of this acoustic feature and used as the basis of planning condition to regulate it's potential impact on annoyance. Its development and application to real wind turbine sites is described here.

Posted 2017 Download